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Frequently Asked Questions


About Estate Planning in South Carolina

The document a person signs to provide for the orderly disposition of assets after death. Wills do not avoid probate. Wills have no legal authority until the willmaker dies and the original will is delivered to the Probate Court. Regardless of age, everyone with minor children needs a will. It is the only way to appoint the new "parent" of an orphaned child. Special testamentary trust provisions in a will can provide for the management and distribution of assets for your heirs. Additionally, assets can be arranged and coordinated with provisions of the testamentary trusts to avoid death taxes.


If you die without a Will (intestate), the legislature of your state has already determined who will inherit your assets and when they will inherit them. You may not agree with their plan, but roughly 70 percent of Americans currently use it.

A revocable living trust is an agreement with three parties: the Trust-makers, the Trustees (or Trust Managers), and the Trust Beneficiaries. For example, a husband and wife may name themselves all three parties to create their trust, manage all the assets transferred to the trust, and have full use and enjoyment of all the trust assets as beneficiaries. Further "back-up" managers can step in under the terms of the trust to manage the assets should the couple become incapacitated or die. Special provisions in the trust also control the management and distribution of assets to heirs in the event of the trustmaker's death. With proper planning, the couple also can avoid or eliminate death taxes on their estate. The Revocable Living Trust may allow them to accomplish all this outside of any court proceeding..

Whether you are young or old, rich or poor married or single, if you owned titled assets such as a house and want your loved ones to avoid court interference at your death or incapacity, consider a revocable living trust. A trust allows you to bring all of your assets together under one plan..

A Durable Power of Attorney allows you to appoint someone you know and trust to make your personal health care and financial decisions even when you cannot. If you are incapacitated without these legal documents, then you and your family will be involved in a probate proceeding known as a guardianship and conservatorship. This is a court proceeding where a judge determines who should make these decisions for you under the ongoing supervision of the court. 


Sometimes called an Advance Medical Directive, a living will allows you to state your wishes in advance regarding what types of medical life support measures you prefer to have, or have withheld/withdrawn if you are in a terminal condition (without reasonable hope of recovery) and cannot express your wishes yourself. Oftentimes a living will is executed along with a Durable Power of Attorney for Health care, which gives someone legal authority to make your health care decisions when you are unable to do so yourself.

What does Intestacy mean?

This is the most common form of asset ownership between spouses. Joint tenancy (or TBE) has the advantage of avoiding probate at the death of the first spouse. However, the surviving spouse should not add the names of other relatives to their assets. Doing so may subject their assets to loss through the debts, bankruptcies, divorces and/or lawsuits of any additional joint tenants. Joint tenancy planning also may result in unnecessary death taxes on the estate of a married couple.


What are Beneficiary Designations?

What is a Revocable Living Trust?

What is a Will?

What is a Living Will?

What is  a Durable Power of Attorney and when do I need one?.

You may avoid probate on the transfer of some assets upon your death through the use of beneficiary designations. Laws regarding what assets may be transferred without probate (non-probate transfer laws) vary from state to state. Some common examples include life insurance death benefits and bank accounts.



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What is Probate?

What is Joint Tenancy with Rights of Survivorship?

Avoid Do It Yourself Estate Planning

​​​Probate is the court and process that looks after people who cannot make their own personal, health care and financial decisions. These people fall into three general categories: 

  • Minor Children (under age 18 in most states); 


  • Incapacitated Adults; and 


  • People who have died without legal arrangements to avoid probate.


Probate proceedings can be expensive and time-consuming. Additionally, the court proceeding and associated documents are all a matter of public record. Many people choose to avoid probate in order to save money, spare their heirs a legal hassle, and keep their personal affairs private.

It is always best to seek the legal advice of a licensed attorney who specializes in elder law and estate planning.  At all costs, avoid do it yourself tactics that can ultimately cause more complications in the long run.  


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Who Should Have a Revocable Living Trust?

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Elder Law & Estate Planning Center

Brian T. Treacy, LLC

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The Elder Law & Estate Planning Center (located in Bluffton , South Carolina) is a full service South Carolina Estate Planning Law Firm. Elder Law & Estate Planning focuses on fundamental estate planning, Elder Law, Veterans benefits, wills & trust planning, powers of attorney, Medicaid application & qualification, long-term care planning, probate & estate administration, Medicaid crisis planning, special needs & disability planning, Aid & Attendance qualification, charitable planning, estate tax planning, and asset protection. Elder Law & Estate Planning services families and individuals throughout Bluffton, Beaufort, Hilton Head, and Hardeeville, SC